Local Vegetables

 

 Swatow mustard greens / Daaih-gaai-choi /  大芥菜

Bamboo mustard greens / Jûk-gaai / 竹芥
 
Kohlrabi / Gaai-làahn-tàuh / 芥藍頭 

 
Chinese kale / Gaai-làahn  / 芥藍

A-choy / (Yaùh) mahk-choi   

Chayote / Faht-sáu-gwâa

Baby Chinese white cabbage /  Baahk-choi-jái 


 Spring onion / Chûng

Chinese white cabbage / Baahk-choi / 白菜

Bitter melon / Fú-gwâa

Corn / Sûk-máih

Oriental green radish / Chêng-lòh-baahk
French bean or Snap bean or
Sei-gwai-dauh (four season bean) or Bín-dauh (flat bean)
Water spinach - Morning glory - Ong-choy
 Tûng-choi 


Amaranth (green-leaves type) /
Yihn-choi

 Chinese carrot / Hùhng-lòh-baahk

 Angled luffa - Silk gourd / Sî-gwâa



Bamboo shoot / Jûk-séun
1- Winter 2- Spring 3- Horse shoe


Spinach / Bô-choi

 Pea shoots / Dauh-mìuh
 
Chinese lettuce / Tòhng (jûng-gwok) sâang-choi

Lotus root / Lìhn-ngáuh

Amaranth (red-leaves type) / Yihn-choi


Garland chrysanthemum or Chrysanthemum greens / Tûng-hòh


Winter melon or Wax gourd / Dûng-gwâa / 冬瓜

Kudzu / Fán-got

Yam bean / Sâ-got

Celery or long cabbage / Wòhng-ngàh-baahk / 黃牙白

Shanghai white cabbage / Síu-tòhng-choi  / 小棠菜

Flowering white cabbage / Choi-sâm

Purple asparagus/yardlong/ Jí-dauh-gok 紫豆角
= purple horn bean

Asparagus/Yardlong bean /  Dauh-gok 豆角 (horn bean)

Purple hearted turnip / Sâm-léíh-méih lòh-baahk




Eyebrow beans / Meìh-dáu / 眉豆

Taiwan carrot / Toìh-séun
Purple eyebrow beans / Jí-meìh-dáu / 紫眉豆
Mouse melon / Lóuh-syú gwâ

Water chestnut / Máh-tái
Sweet potato leaves - tops / Fàan-syú-yihp

Mustard Tuber / Ja-choi

Red flowering white cabbage / Hùhng-choi-sâm
Arrowhead- arrowroot / Chìh-gû

Watercress / Sâi-yèuhng-choi / 西洋菜
Stem lettuce / Wô-séun

Chinese box thorn-wolfberry / Gáu-géi / 枸杞
Chinese celery / Kàhn-choi / 芹菜·
Green onion / Chûng / 葱
Chinese garlic - chives - leek / Gáu-choi / 韭菜
Flowering chives  / Gáu-choi-fâa / 韭菜花
Yellow chives / Gáu-wòhng / 韭黄
Doll vegetable / Wah-wah-choi / 娃娃菜

Coriander / Yùhn-seûi / 香菜 - 芫荽


Taro / Wuh-táu / 芋头
1- Betel-nut  2- Red-budded

Chinese flat cabbage / Taai-gú-cài 太古菜
- Taap-fó-choi 塌棵菜

Silver silk flowering Chinese cabbage /  Ngàhn-sî-choi-sâm
银絲菜心
Lemon grass / Nìnhg-mung-hèung- màauh / 柠檬香茅
Bottle gourd - Calabash - White flowered gourd
Poùh-gwâa / 蒲瓜
Beetroot / Hùnhg-tàuh-choi /  红头菜
Sweet potato / Faàn-syú / 番薯

Ginger / Gèung / 姜
Chinese white cabbage / Baahk-choi / 白菜

Peanuts / Fâa-sâng / 花生
Bottle gourd / Wùh-lòuh-gwâa / 葫蘆瓜

Smooth luffa / Séui-gwâa/ 水瓜 (= water gourd)
Bottle gourd / Wùh-lòuh-gwâa / 葫蘆瓜

Cucumber / Chèng-gwâa / 青瓜

Green papaya / Muhk-gwâa / 木瓜


Stem ginger / Jí-gèung / 子姜


Mung bean sprouts / Ngàah-choi-jái - 芽菜仔
(sai-dauh- ngàah-choi 細豆芽菜)

Soybean sprouts / Daaih-dauh-ngàah-choi / 大豆芽菜

Black bean sprouts / Hâk-dauh-ngàah / 黑豆芽
Wild rice shoots or Water bamboo / Gâau-séun / 膠筍
(gâau-baahk / 茭白)
Water caltrops (water chestnuts) / Lìnhg-gok / 菱角

Bracken ferns / Kyut-choi / 蕨菜
Yellow cucumber / Wòhng-gwâa / 黃瓜

Winter squashes / Nàahm-gwâa or Fâan-gwâa / 南瓜 or 番瓜

Hairy melon /  Jit-gwâa or mòuh-gwâa / 節瓜 or  毛瓜
Cabbage / Yèh-choi / 椰菜
Cauliflower / Yèh-choi-fâa / 椰菜花
Broccoli / Sâi-làahn-fâa

Cow's horn pepper /Ngàuh-gok-jìu

Malabar or Ceylon spinach / 蠺菜 (can2 cai4)
Slippery vegetable / Sa'ahn-choi / 潺菜 

3 comments:

  1. great to finally learn some of these vegetables' chinese names. you can find 90% of these lovely veggies at the alemany farmers market in san francisco. this market, unlike many others, is dominated by a very diverse crop of asian and latino farmers. it's fabulous!

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    Replies
    1. Hi Jasmin,
      I'm glad you find this list useful. I am still looking for 'new' veggies to add.

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    2. I would like to visit the farmers market you mentioned one day!!

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